Letter | Published:

Chemical Delignification of Flax Straw and Other Cellulosic Materials

Naturevolume 166pages195196 (1950) | Download Citation



THE retting of flax, which is a delignification and a degumming process brought about by microorganisms, has been used in Europe for many years in the linen industry. Retting is usually applied to the straw of a variety of flax which has been developed and grown to give long stems. Moreover, the straw is harvested before lignification has proceeded too far.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1

    Taylor, J. E., Georgia State Eng. Exp. Station Bull., No. 10, 8, No. 6 (1946).

  2. 2

    Wise, L. E. E., “Wood Chemistry”, 696 (New York: Reinhold Publishing Corp., 1944).

  3. 3

    Taylor, M. C., White, J. F., Vincent, G. P., and Cunningham, G. L., Indust. Eng. Chem., 32, 899 (1940).

  4. 4

    Vincent, G. P., Pulp Paper Mag. Can., 41, 781 (1940).

  5. 5

    White, J. F., and Vincent, G. P., Paper Trade J., 111, No. 12, 39 (1940).

  6. 6

    Wise, L. E., Murphy, M., and D'Addieco, A. A., Paper Trade J., 122, No. 2, 35 (1946).

  7. 7

    Amdur, E., Montonna, R. E., and Reyerson, L., U.S. Pat. 2,468,771.

  8. 8

    Cf. Ehrlich, F., and Schubert, F., Biochem. Z., 169, 13 (1926).

Download references

Author information


  1. Division of Agricultural Biochemistry, University of Minnesota, St. Paul 1, Minnesota

    • E. BESSER
    • , R. E. MONTONNA
    •  & F. SMITH


  1. Search for E. BESSER in:

  2. Search for R. E. MONTONNA in:

  3. Search for F. SMITH in:

About this article

Publication history

Issue Date




By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.