POLAND is at present faced with a venereal disease problem against which the state of affairs in Britain appears insignificant. The incidence of venereal diseases has increased enormously over the war years and the number of fresh infections with syphilis is now calculated to be about 150,000 per year. There is a decrease in live births of about 40,000-50,000 per year, the mortality-rate from syphilis being about 11 per cent. The reason for this state of affairs is not far to seek. The Germans spared little attention for the Poles whether they were in Poland or displaced to other countries. Venereal diseases were prevalent among displaced persons, and although plans were formulated before D-day for the treatment of infected persons before they were repatriated, nothing was, in fact, ever done for them.