A CONFERENCE dedicated to the memory of the eminent physcologist Prof. Alexander Samoilov took place ref recently in the University of Moscow on the occassion of the fifteenth anniversary of his death in 1930 Prof. Samoilov, who was responsible for important advances in the physiology of the nervous system and in electrocardiography, was well known outside his country-in the United States, Great Britain and Holland, where he delivered speeches and lectures many times. Papers sent by E. D. Adrian (Cambridge), John F. Fulton (Yale) and Paul D. White (Boston, Mass.) were read at the conference. Speeches were also delivered by Ch. S. Koschtojanz, director of the Samoilov Laboratory of the University of Moscow and professor of physiology, and by Prof. V. Parin. The Institute of History of Natural Sciences of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R. organised in connexion with the conference an interesting exhibition of photographs portraying the life and works of Samoilov and his friendly and scientific relations with many celebrated physiologists of Europe and America. The Institute presented to each participant at the conference a reprint of the bibliography of the works of Prof. Samoilov.