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Typhus in Guatemala

Nature volume 155, page 74 (20 January 1945) | Download Citation



THE July issue of the Boletin de la Oflcina Sanitaria Panamericana contains an account of an outbreak of typhus by Dr. Julio Roberto Herrera, head of the Section of Epidemiology of the General Health Office of Guatemala. He stated that he received on April 3, 1944, a notification of 198 cases of an infectious disease, which turned out to be typhus, in a home for the insane, a general hospital and a penitentiary. There were altogether 198 cases with 63 deaths. The case fatality for the home for the insane was 26·10 per cent. Preventive measures included quarantine of the foci, restriction of visits, disinfection and disinsectization of the hospitals, barracks, etc., verification of definite and suspected cases by public health laboratories, visiting of all contacts, immunization of exposed staff, examination of autopsy specimens, organization of a national disinfection station, education of the public by the Press, radio, etc., isolation of cases and supervision of hospitals and welfare stations.

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