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Physico-Chemical Analysis in U.S.S.R

Nature volume 154, pages 582583 (04 November 1944) | Download Citation



IN 1904 Prof. N. S. Kurnakov (1860–1941) invented a new form of recording pyrometer which was a great improvement on that of Roberts-Austen. In 1910 Prof. A. A. Baikov still further improved this pyrometer by a modification which allowed the recording of the differential curve to be superimposed on the ordinary cooling or heating curve. This apparatus provided a very delicate method for the thermal analysis of alloys and minerals, called by Kurnakov in 1913 'physico-chemical analysis'1. Through the initiative and enthusiasm of Kurnakov, a very flourishing school of research was established, and in 1918 a special Institute of Physico-Chemical Analysis was founded at the Academy of Sciences.


  1. 1.

    , "An Introduction to Physico-chemical Analysis". Publication of the Acad. Sci. U.S.S.R., 1st ed., pp. 87 (1925); 4th ed., pp. 562 (1940) (in Russian).

  2. 2.

    , Ann. Inst. Phy.-Chem. Anal., 2, 473 (1924) (in Russian).

  3. 3.

    , Nature, 148, 310 (1941).

  4. 4.

    Annales du Secteur d'Analyse Physico-Chimique. Inst. de Chimie Générale, Acad. Sci. URSS., 14 (1941) (in Russian).

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