IT would be quite impossible to gain a clear idea of the complexity of the problems facing animal husbandry in India without some understanding of the special factors conditioning the subject in India. For example: (1) Religious and traditional prejudices and customs. (2) Effect of the density of the population and the low purchasing power of the cultivators on farming practice. (3) General lack of appreciation of the fundamental principles which underlie proper breeding, feeding and management, and the great need which exists for a properly balanced system of land utilization. (4) Lack in most Provinces and States of any expert animal husbandry organization devoted solely to the interests of livestock. (5) Annual droving of millions of dealers' cattle from north to south of India.