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The Earthquake in Turkey

Nature volume 145, pages 1315 (06 January 1940) | Download Citation



THE greatest earthquake ever recorded in Turkey, and probably the greatest natural catastrophe which Turkey has ever suffered, occurred on December 27, when, between approximately 1.57 a.m. and 5 a.m. local time (East European), there were at least seven terrific earthquake shocks. These shocks caused havoc on and near the Black Sea coast of Anatolia in northeastern Turkey, where, to the accompaniment of underground rumbling, upwards of fifteen towns having populations of between fifteen and forty thousand persons each, together with more than ninety villages, were practically razed to the ground, communications by telegraph, road and rail destroyed, and estimated casualties of 45,000 killed and 20,000 wounded caused.

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