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Meteorology in India

Nature volume 143, page 674 (22 April 1939) | Download Citation



THE report on the Administration of the Meteorological Department of the Government of India in 1937–38 shows that certain undertakings that had been under consideration for a number of years were carried out. Of these the most important is considered to be the daily preparation of an afternoon synoptic weather chart at the Meteorological Office at Poona, which was begun on April 1, 1937. This has enabled that office to issue forecasts twice a day instead of only once. This afternoon synoptic chart is printed in the Indian Daily Weather Report, and adds greatly to the value of that report. Another important development was introduced on August 1, 1937, when the short-wave aeronautical wireless stations at Karachi and Calcutta began to issue regional broadcasts of synoptic data twice daily. The new Burma Meteorological Department followed this lead by beginning the broadcasting of data for stations in Burma from October 1, 1937. With the commencement by the Posts and Telegraphs Department of the construction of a short-wave wireless station at Poona, the tune is approaching for the issue from headquarters of collective and regional synoptic issues. Further plans were made in accordance with recommendations made at a meteorological conference held in Delhi in December 1936. They included the reopening of a forecasting office at Delhi and the transfer of the Upper Air Office from Agra to Delhi. These plans were approved in principle by the Government of India, but sanction for putting them into effect had to be postponed owing to the unfavourable financial situation. Another new development was the introduction at the request of the Royal Indian Navy of an arrangement for broadcasting synoptic data and weather bulletins for the whole of the Indian waters from the Navy Wireless Station at Bombay, for the benefit of shipping. The new broadcasts are additional to those issued from the civil wireless stations at Bombay and Calcutta.

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