The Pleistocene Anthropoid Apes of South Africa


DART'S discovery in 1924 of the fossil ape of Taungs, which he named Australopithecus africanus, opened a new chapter in the history of the origin of man. The type skull, which unfortunately is the only one known from that locality, is that of a five-year-old child, and though there seems little doubt that Dart was right in regarding it as an ape much nearer to man than either the chimpanzee or the gorilla, some European men of science still seem to believe that it is a variety of chimpanzee or a dwarf gorilla, in spite of the fact that the milk teeth are entirely different in structure from those of the living anthropoids, and closely similar to those of man.

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

BROOM, R. The Pleistocene Anthropoid Apes of South Africa. Nature 142, 377–379 (1938).

Download citation

Further reading


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.