Letter | Published:

Production of Showers by Heavy Particles

Nature volume 140, page 682 (16 October 1937) | Download Citation



Carlson and Oppenheimer1 and Bhabha and Heitler2 have proposed a very ingenious explanation of showers by a multiplicative production of photons, electrons and positrons. The greater part of the showers observed can in this way be regarded as originated by electrons, positrons or photons penetrating from the atmosphere. Such showers are absorbed if the layer of lead is sufficiently thick. It is known, however, that at sea-level and especially under earth, the frequency of showers with increasing thickness of lead layer does not diminish but tends to a limit. We wish to point out that this phenomenon does not require a new concept of showers, but can be explained by irradiation with heavy particles, which easily penetrate through such layers of lead.

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  1. 1.

    Phys. Rev., 51, 220 (1937).

  2. 2.

    Proc. Roy. Soc., A, 159, 432 (1937).

  3. 3.

    Phys. Z. Sovjetunion, in the Press.

  4. 4.

    Phys. Rev., 51, 887 (1937).

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  1. Physical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R., Moscow. Sept. 1.

    • L. LANDAU
    •  & G. RUMER


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