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Regional Planning in the United States

Nature volume 140, page 579 (02 October 1937) | Download Citation



A broadsheet issued by PEP (Political and Economic Planning) describes some developments in regional planning in the six New England States of the U.S.A. which are of some interest in relation to the Special Areas Bill in Great Britain. The broadsheet is based on a report prepared by the Commission on Regional Planning for New England, issued last year by the National Resources Committee, a progress report, "State Planning, Vermont", issued by the State Planning Board of Vermont, and on general reports on "State Planning (Review of Activities and Progress)" and "Regional Factors in National Planning", both issued by the National Resources Board. While the population of the United States as a whole increased by more than 140 per cent between 1880 and 1930, that of New England increased by little more than 100 per cent and that of the State of Vermont by less than 10 per cent. Seventy-seven per cent of the New England population is now urban, and only 6 per cent remains on farms. Simultaneously, the occupied population has declined to 42 per cent (as against 47·2 per cent in England and Wales), the long established shrinkage of employment in agriculture, forestry and mining being accentuated by contraction of employment in manufacturing and mechanical industries. These contractions are balanced by expansion of employment in trade, transport, professional, public, clerical, domestic and personal services.

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