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Sir Thomas Grainger Stewart (1837–1900)

Nature volume 140, page 393 (04 September 1937) | Download Citation



SIR THOMAS GRAINGER STEWART, the eminent Scotch physician, who died on February 3, 1900, was born at Edinburgh on September 3, 1837. He qualified in 1858, and then visited the medical centres on the Continent, where he came m contact with Virchow, Schönlein and Traube in Berlin, and Oppolzer, Skoda and Hebra in Vienna. On his return to Edinburgh, he was made physician to the university wards in the Royal Infirmary. In 1876 he was appointed professor of physic and proved an exceptionally gifted teacher. He was one of the first in Great Britain to direct attention to the deep reflexes, and under the title of "Paralysis of the Hands and Feet from Diseases of the Nerves", he first described the condition known as multiple neuritis. For many years he held a foremost position as a consultant throughout Scotland and the north of England. His chief publications were "A Practical Treatise on Bright's Diseases of the Kidneys" (1868), "The Teaching of Medicine in Edinburgh" (1877) and "An Introduction to Diseases of the Nervous System' (1884). He was the recipient of many honours. In 1882 he was appointed physician to the Queen in Scotland, in 1887 he was made M.D. honoris causa of the Royal University of Ireland, in 1890 he was elected president - of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and honorary fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, in 1894 he was knighted, and in 1898 he was elected president of the British Medical Association when the annual meeting was held in Edinburgh.

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