AN important proposal for the promotion of studies in American ethnology and colonial history on an international basis is to be submitted to the next General Assembly of the League of Nations. It originated with M. Levillier, delegate of the Argentine, who proposed to the last General Assembly that arrangements should be made for the publication by international co-operation of a series of original and authoritative works dealing with the indigenous peoples and cultures of the Americas and with the history of the discovery, geographical exploration, conquest, settlement and colonial government of the continent in the sixteenth century. The proposal was approved in principle and referred to the International Institute of Intellectual Co-operation for consideration and report on the organisation and financial arrangements necessary to give it effect. Such a scheme has now been prepared by a committee of Americanists appointed by the International Institute. The Committee is a strong body of distinguished diplomatists and historians; but as much stress is laid on the importance of the ethnology of America and the history of indigenous cultures, it is a little surprising to find that anthropology is represented on the Committee by one member Only. Although that member, M. Paul Rivet, is a host in himself, it might, perhaps, have been expected that some, at least, of the numerous distinguished authorities on American ethnology and culture would have been included in the list of those consulted by correspondence, where Prof. Stolyhwo of Warsaw appears as the only anthropologist.