The Helmholts Resonance Theory of Hearing

Abstract

DIRECT evidence in favour of the view that the vibrating elements of the cochlea are differentially tuned for frequency has been adduced in the following way: The cochlea of the cat is exposed under Nembutal anæsthesia. Viewing the preparation through a dissecting microscope, and using a dental burr, small excavations are now made in the bone, one proximal to the round window, the other towards the apex of the cochlea; the floor of these concavities may be made so thin that the cochlear fluids seep through, a state of affairs which may be easily seen through the microscope. At this juncture, small beads of mercury are placed in the depressions, using a micro-pipette; in this way, further loss of fluid is prevented, and a good electrical contact with the fluids of the inner ear established, by the insertion of platinum electrodes into the mercury droplets.

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