Structure and Development of Temperature Inversions in the Atmosphere

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Abstract

THE present view of the development of temperature inversions in the atmosphere with a sudden decrease of humidity with increase of height as due to a general slow descent of air from higher levels,1 regards the appearance of the temperature discontinuity as a condition precedent to the development of humidity discontinuity in the form of a haze or cloud layer below it. Kopp,2 however, from the experience of his aeroplane flights, pointed out that after the passage of a cyclone, humidity discontinuity in the form of haze or cloud layer precedes the temperature discontinuity, the latter being probably brought into existence as a result of radiation from the haze or cloud layers. An examination of Lindeberg and Berlin kite and aeroplane ascents confirms the view that dry inversions in the free atmosphere can and do owe their origin to humidity discontinuities in the form of haze layers or cloud sheets.

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References

  1. 1

    Hann Suring, "Lehrbuch der Meteorologie", 1926, p. 164.

  2. 2

    Beit, "Zü Phy. der freien Atmos.", Hergesell-Festschrift, p. 266; 1929

  3. 3

    Douglas, Q.J.R. Met. Soc., 55, p. 137, paras. 4, 7; 1929.

  4. 4

    Proc. Roy. Soc., A, 130; 1930.

  5. 5

    Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., U.S.A., 9, pp. 199–207; 1923. See also Morrison, Proc. Roy. Soc., A, 108, pp. 280–284; 1925.

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MAL, S., BASU, S. & DESAI, B. Structure and Development of Temperature Inversions in the Atmosphere. Nature 129, 97 (1932) doi:10.1038/129097a0

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