Calendar of Geographical Exploration

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    THE century in which we live, young as it is, has yet been remarkable for its achievements in exploration. Both poles have been reached, much of the previously unconquered Sahara has been explored, surveys have been carried out in the north polar basin, in the antarctic regions, and in north-east Siberia, where a new range of mountains is known, but not yet marked on our maps. Attempts have been made to scale the heights of Everest. Expeditions such as those organised by Sven Hedin, Sir Aurel Stein, and R. Chapman Andrews in Central Asia, and by L. S. B. Leakey in East Africa, have contributed rich stores of geographical, geological, and archæological knowledge of these regions. In spite of the accumulated experience of centuries and the increasing mastery over the elements which modern science is bringing to mankind, explorers still face situations which call for courage and sacrifice. Men like Oates and Amundsen have continued the tradition of heroism, and their names are added to the long list of pioneers who have willingly sacrificed their lives for others.

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    Calendar of Geographical Exploration. Nature 129, 16 (1932) doi:10.1038/129016a0

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