Biology and Education1


THE method of education is the stimulation of the cells of the brain by impressions from without: impressions provided by the casual and haphazard incidents of experience and by the deliberate and systematic agencies concerned with the imparting of facts and opinions. The aim of education is so to guide the development of the individual that he can hope to discover his powers, to recognise his limitations, and to determine the ways in which he may achieve the fullest degree of expression of his inherited mental and physical endowment in the circumstances, physical and social, in which he will find himself. Education, therefore, is concerned with the living individual and with the habitat in which this individual is to live and, living, achieve his destiny. So also is biology, the science which deals with the nature of living things and with the relation of these to their environment. It seeks to find answers to the questions as to whence came man, what is man, and whither goeth he. These are the very questions that occupy the popular mind to-day. Surely the tasks of the educationist must be those of equipping his experimental material with the ability to formulate these questions properly and of showing how and where their answers may be found.

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CREW, F. Biology and Education1. Nature 123, 54–57 (1929).

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