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    Naturevolume 120pages2526 (1927) | Download Citation



    CELTS FROM KNOLE PARK, SEVENOAKS.—Mr. J. P. T. Burchell contributes to Man for June a further note, on the unorthodox association of polished celts and seemmed and barbed arrowheads from Knole Park. The celts, which have thin butts and pointed oval section, according to the Scandinavian chronology should belong to the pre-Dolmen period, but in England they have been found, as at Bexley Heath, in association with celts having a thin butt and square sides, and must be considered as having survived well into the Dolmen period. The celt with thick butt characteristic of the second Dolmen period in Scandinavia was not adopted in England. At Seamer Moor, Yorkshire, celts with thin butt and pointed oval section were found with expanding edges and incurved sides, together with kite-shaped arrowheads. In the passage graves of Scandinavia occur narrow-bladed diggers, shaft-hole axes with expanding cutting edges and incurved sides, together with hollow-based arrowheads. It is suggested that some of the artefacts of the passage-grave period in Scandinavia and Britain are copies in flint of existing metal types of more southern lands. The last period of Britain, the third phase of the Dolmen cult, is definitely of the Bronze Age, though the use of the metal is still deferred in Scandinavia. The Knole Park settlement, with its stemmed and barbed arrowheads typical of the seneolithic period, cannot be much earlier than the times of the round barrows. The celts indicate that the settlement was occupied by descendants of the pre-Dolmen period and that they were under the influence of an alien race.

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