Aptitude and Achievement1

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THERE was published in 1890 in Mind an article entitled “Mental Tests and Measurements” and in 1896 in the Psychological Review, established in the meanwhile in co-operation with Prof. Baldwin, an article entitled “Physical and Mental Measurements of the Students of Columbia University.” This was the first series of tests used with a large number of individuals, and it still remains the most extensive undertaking of this character. The students were tested at the beginning of the freshman and the end of the senior year, the women of Barnard College as well as the men of Columbia College.

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