DURING the past four years—or since the ploughing programme began to take shape—grass-land has been officially cold-shouldered in no small degree. The cause was obvious and the reasons were good. The result of compulsory and voluntary ploughing has been that, whereas in 1914 the total area in Great Britain under temporary and permanent grass (hay and pasture) was practically 21,500,000 acres, it was barely 19,500,000 acres in 1918, a reduction, namely, of about 2,000,000 acres. During the same period the arable area, other than temporary grass, increased from about 10,500,000 acres to 12,500,000 acres. In Ireland during these years the area under grass (permanent and temporary) fell from about 12,500,000 aci;es to less than 11,250,000 acres. The United Kingdom at the present time comprises about 30,500,000 acres of permanent and temporary grass and 15,500,000 acres o of land under crops other than grass and clover. This is over and above some 16,000,000 acres of mountain land used for grazing.