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Hypertension and renovascular disease: follow-up on 100 renal vein renin samplings

Abstract

The clinical value of renal vein renin sampling (RVRS) as a prognostic tool in the treatment of renovascular hypertension was evaluated. One hundred consecutive patients were included over a 4-year period of time. About half of the patients (49%) were treated interventionally by PTRA (21%), nephrectomy (20%), or vascular surgery (8%). Seven patients (15%) were cured and 15 (32%) had improved (reduction in antihypertensive medicine) after 6 months follow-up, whereas three patients (6%) were cured and 12 (26%) improved after 3–4 years follow-up. Thus, the number of patients cured or improved is comparable with the results from our department reported 20 years ago. However, in the present report, more than twice as many patients were enrolled, leading to double costs. Different indices of lateralisation of the renin generation were calculated for the use in cases of a shrunken kidney (functional share 15%). None of the indices clearly discriminated between the patients who did benefit from intervention, and those who did not. The only positive finding was that a peripheral renin concentration lower than 8 mlU/l predicted no effect of intervention, which might lead to the exclusion of 11% of the patients before entering the diagnostic programme. We conclude that the RVRS demands a very restrictive referral pattern if it should be of prognostic value for the blood pressure outcome after intervention. No indices of lateralised renin concentrations proved high predictive value. However, a peripheral renin concentration low in the normal range seems useful as an indicator of no benefit from intervention.

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Hasbak, P., Jensen, L., Ibsen, H. et al. Hypertension and renovascular disease: follow-up on 100 renal vein renin samplings. J Hum Hypertens 16, 275–280 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jhh.1001365

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jhh.1001365

Keywords

  • renovascular hypertension
  • renal vein renin sampling
  • cure and improvement rate

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