THE Birmingham meeting of the British Association was, from the point of view of the Botanical Section, as from others, highly successful. There was a very large attendance of botanists, particularly of the younger ones. The meeting of the section this year was noteworthy in being presided over by Miss Ethel Sargant, the first woman president of any section of the association. It is scarcely necessary to state that the section suffered in no way as a result of the innovation. The president's address having been previously reported in full in these columns, it is unnecessary here to attempt to summarise it. It dealt with the progress of vegetable embryology in recent years, the subject being treated from the morphological side. The great difficulty in all such work, as the president herself pointed out, is to distinguish between adaptive characters of comparatively recent origin and the characters inherited from remote ancestors. However, the study has already thrown much light on embryological problems, and is likely to throw more as time goes on.