R. N. I. KUZNETSOF concludes an article in the Izvestiya of the Imp. Russ. Geogr. Soc, Nos. 6-7, 1910, on the flora of the mountain region of Daghestan, with an historical sketch of its origin and distribution. Daghestan was raised above the water at the beginning of the Tertiary period, and its climate subsequently became drier and assumed a more continental character as the Sarmatic Sea around it dried up, and consequently the Tertiary forest which clothed it must have gradually dwindled. At the same time, the combined action of erosion and tectonic movements produced bare slopes, which, especially those facirg south, afforded excellent conditions for the development of upland xerophytic vegetation. Here gathered forms which had existed in various parts of Daghestan from the beginning of the Tertiary period, and were now distributed, some in the north, others in the south, some on the schists, others on the limestones, and in connection with climatic conditions.