THE annual report of the Board of Scientific Advice for India for the year 1907–8 has lately been issued by the Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta. The Board was constituted in 1902, and consisted originally of the heads of the meteorological, geological, botanical, forest, survey, agricultural, and veterinary departments, but the Government of India invites from time to time to serve upon it other men of science in the service of the imperial and provincial Governments. The Board is a central authority for the coordination of official scientific inquiry, intended to ensure that the work of research is distributed to the best advantage and the prevention of useless duplication of inquiries and lack of interdepartmental cooperation. The advice of the Board is given with the view of aiding the Government of India in prosecuting practical research into questions of economic and applied science on the solution of which the progressive prosperity of the country depends. The Board discusses annually the proposals of the head of each of the great departments in regard to the programme of investigation in his department, and submits each year a general programme of research to the Government. Its reports and programmes are communicated through the Secretary of State for India to the Royal Society, which has appointed an advisory committee to consider them.