South Carolina Fossils

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    IN a paper on “Vertebrate Remains, chiefly from the Phosphate Beds of South Carolina,” published in the Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (vol. viii. part iii.), Prof. Joseph Leidy prefaces his careful description of the many separate remains by a few general remarks on the subject, some extracts from which may interest our readers. The fossils are mainly from the so-called Ashley phosphate beds of South Carolina, which “are composed of sands and clays, intermingled with irregular porous masses of more coherent rock rich in calcium phosphate, together with many organic remains. These beds, the economical importance of which was fully made known in 1868 by Prof. Francis S. Holmes and Dr. N. A. Pratt, of Charleston, occupy a large extent of country in the southern part of South Carolina, on the Wando, Cooper, Ashley, Stono, Edisto, Coosaw, Asheepo, and other rivers, According to Prof. Holmes, from ‘fifteen to eighteen inches may be considered the average thickness of the stratum of the phosphate rocks.’1

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    South Carolina Fossils . Nature 20, 354–355 (1879) doi:10.1038/020354a0

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