Journal of Anatomy and Physiology, July, 1878.—Dr. Ogston, of Aberdeen, gives an account of the growth and maintenance of the articular ends of adult bones. He believes that the articular cartilage produces the osseous tissue beneath it, forms the epiphyses, supplies their waste, and maintains them in their proper size and bulk during adult life.—Prof. Cleland describes the brain in cyclopians or one-eyed monsters, including specimens of human kind, dogs, lambs, and pigs. He finds that there is no trace of a retina in the cyclopian eyeball, and that moreover there is an arrest of the development of the first cerebral vesicle.—Dr. Creighton gives an exhaustive account of the formation of the placenta in the guinea-pig, and refers very prominently to its early development in connection with the structure of the ovaries and supra-renal bodies.—Prof. Turner contributes notes on the fœtal membranes of the reindeer, and on the oviducts of the Greenland shark.—Mr. David Newman's paper on the functions of the kidney gives an account of the physical influences which promote secretion, so far as can be demonstrated by experiments with animal membranes and the kidneys of animals recently killed.—Dr. Dodds' historical and critical analysis of our knowledge upon the localisation of the functions of the brain deals with the anatomy of the brain in this number.