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The striate cortex is the part of the visual cortex that is involved in processing visual information. The striate cortex is the first cortical visual area that receives input from the lateral geniculate nucleus in the thalamus.
Gouwens et al. established a morpho-electrical taxonomy of cell types for the mouse visual cortex via unsupervised clustering analysis of multiple quantitative features from 1,938 neurons available online at the Allen Cell Types Database.
Sensory systems produce stable stimulus representations despite constant changes across multiple stimulus dimensions. Here, the authors reveal dynamic neural coding mechanisms by testing how coding of one dimension (orientation) changes with adaptations to other dimensions (luminance and contrast).
Orientation selectivity in visual cortex is not simply the result of linear input summation. Instead, selectivity is enhanced by nonlinear dendritic transformation of spatially clustered, cotuned synaptic inputs.
Homeostatic mechanisms that maintain the firing rate of neurons in the visual cortex of rats within a stable range occur primarily during active wake and return the firing rates of individual cells to cell-specific set points.
The most complete single-neuron transcriptome database of the mouse visual cortex was performed using a large collection of reporter mouse lines. Results highlight the unmatched neuronal diversity of the cerebral cortex.