Ribosome

Definition

The ribosome is a large assembly of proteins and ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) that functions to translate messenger RNAs (mRNAs) into proteins. The ribosome catalyzes the assembly of amino acids into peptide chains of defined sequence, as dictated by the interaction of amino-acid-carrying transport RNAs (tRNAs) with complementary sequences in the ribosome-bound mRNA.

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