Geomorphology

Definition

Geomorphology is the study of landforms and landscapes on Earth and other planets, and the processes that shape them. This discipline is primarily concerned with the erosion and deposition of rock and sediments by wind and water, but also includes the creation of topography through tectonics.

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Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    Tectonic plate interiors are often regarded as relatively inactive. Yet, reconstructions of marine terrace uplift in Angola suggest that underlying mantle flow can rapidly warp Earth's surface far from obviously active plate boundaries.

    • Nicky White
    Nature Geoscience 9, 867–869
  • Comments and Opinion |

    The New Horizons mission has revealed Pluto and its moon Charon to be geologically active worlds. The familiar, yet exotic, landforms suggest that geologic processes operate similarly across the Solar System, even in its cold outer reaches.

    • Paul Schenk
    •  & Francis Nimmo
    Nature Geoscience 9, 411–412
  • News and Views |

    Liquid water on Mars may be an agent of surface change, but it is unstable under the thin atmosphere. Experiments suggest water percolating though Martian hillslopes ejects sediment as it boils under the low pressure, and modifies the landscape.

    • Wouter A. Marra
    Nature Geoscience 9, 414–415
  • News and Views |

    Coastlines above subduction zones slowly emerge from the sea despite repeated drowning by great, shallow earthquakes. Analysis of the Chilean coast suggests that moderate-to-large, deeper earthquakes may be responsible for the net uplift.

    • Rich Briggs
    Nature Geoscience 9, 346–348