Environmental economics

Environmental economics is the study of the economics of ecological and environmental issues. It focuses on the monetary value of ecosystems and the costs and benefits of environmental policies.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Accurate emissions data are required to monitor progress towards climate goals. Firms’ self-reported emissions show convergence with independently verified emissions in two pilot emissions trading systems in China over several years, suggesting the effectiveness of oversight and third-party audits.

    • Da Zhang
    • , Qin Zhang
    • , Shaozhou Qi
    • , Jinpeng Huang
    • , Valerie J. Karplus
    •  & Xiliang Zhang
  • Reviews |

    Transgressing planetary boundaries has generated global, ongoing and interconnected problems that represent a real challenge to policy makers. This Perspective sheds light on the complexities of designing policies that can keep human life within the biophysical limits of planet Earth.

    • Thomas Sterner
    • , Edward B. Barbier
    • , Ian Bateman
    • , Inge van den Bijgaart
    • , Anne-Sophie Crépin
    • , Ottmar Edenhofer
    • , Carolyn Fischer
    • , Wolfgang Habla
    • , John Hassler
    • , Olof Johansson-Stenman
    • , Andreas Lange
    • , Stephen Polasky
    • , Johan Rockström
    • , Henrik G. Smith
    • , Will Steffen
    • , Gernot Wagner
    • , James E. Wilen
    • , Francisco Alpízar
    • , Christian Azar
    • , Donna Carless
    • , Carlos Chávez
    • , Jessica Coria
    • , Gustav Engström
    • , Sverker C. Jagers
    • , Gunnar Köhlin
    • , Åsa Löfgren
    • , Håkan Pleijel
    •  & Amanda Robinson
  • Research |

    To achieve both biodiversity conservation and timber production in tropical forests, this modelling study finds that improved management has much more impact than the choice between sparing forests or sharing forest land for both purposes.

    • Rebecca K. Runting
    • , Ruslandi
    • , Bronson W. Griscom
    • , Matthew J. Struebig
    • , Musnanda Satar
    • , Erik Meijaard
    • , Zuzana Burivalova
    • , Susan M. Cheyne
    • , Nicolas J. Deere
    • , Edward T. Game
    • , F. E. Putz
    • , Jessie A. Wells
    • , Andreas Wilting
    • , Marc Ancrenaz
    • , Peter Ellis
    • , Faisal A. A. Khan
    • , Sara M. Leavitt
    • , Andrew J. Marshall
    • , Hugh P. Possingham
    • , James E. M. Watson
    •  & Oscar Venter
  • Research |

    Rubber tree plantations have been displacing tropical forests in Southeast Asia, linked to global rubber prices. Forest-to-plantation conversion in Cambodia is correlated with shifts in rubber prices, with a time lag of under a year, showing the link between global commodity markets and deforestation in developing nations.

    • Kenneth Grogan
    • , Dirk Pflugmacher
    • , Patrick Hostert
    • , Ole Mertz
    •  & Rasmus Fensholt
    Nature Plants 5, 47-53

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