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Ecotoxicology is an interdisciplinary field that draws from knowledge and techniques in the fields of ecology and toxicology to study the effects of toxic chemical or biological agents on biological organisms at the population, community or ecosystem level.
The development of nano-enabled agriculture will require proper safety regulations. This Perspective outlines the need for a combined approach to regulate health and environmental risks under the same framework.
Gold nanoparticles typically considered inert in oxic waters accumulate in freshwater wetland subaquatic plants and are completely biotransformed to oxidized Au species by the associated cyanogenic biofilm.