Developing world

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Mountain water resources are increasingly threatened. This study finds that a 1,400-year-old system for diverting headwater streams onto Andean slopes enhances the later water yield in downslope springs and estimates that upscaling this for Lima, Peru, could increase dry-season flows by 7.5%.

    • Boris F. Ochoa-Tocachi
    • , Juan D. Bardales
    • , Javier Antiporta
    • , Katya Pérez
    • , Luis Acosta
    • , Feng Mao
    • , Zed Zulkafli
    • , Junior Gil-Ríos
    • , Oscar Angulo
    • , Sam Grainger
    • , Gena Gammie
    • , Bert De Bièvre
    •  & Wouter Buytaert
  • Research |

    Tropical deforestation induces the loss and transport of old and biolabile soil organic carbon into rivers, suggest analyses of dissolved organic matter in deforested and pristine catchments in the Congo Basin. The mobilized soil carbon is likely to turn into a carbon source.

    • Travis W. Drake
    • , Kristof Van Oost
    • , Matti Barthel
    • , Marijn Bauters
    • , Alison M. Hoyt
    • , David C. Podgorski
    • , Johan Six
    • , Pascal Boeckx
    • , Susan E. Trumbore
    • , Landry Cizungu Ntaboba
    •  & Robert G. M. Spencer
    Nature Geoscience 12, 541-546
  • Reviews |

    Top-down studies of climate change use climate projections and modelled impacts, whereas bottom-up assessments focus on the recent past and present vulnerability. This Perspective argues that these approaches must be integrated to address the needs of immediate adaptation decisions.

    • Declan Conway
    • , Robert J. Nicholls
    • , Sally Brown
    • , Mark G. L. Tebboth
    • , William Neil Adger
    • , Bashir Ahmad
    • , Hester Biemans
    • , Florence Crick
    • , Arthur F. Lutz
    • , Ricardo Safra De Campos
    • , Mohammed Said
    • , Chandni Singh
    • , Modathir Abdalla Hassan Zaroug
    • , Eva Ludi
    • , Mark New
    •  & Philippus Wester
  • Reviews |

    Population growth and economic development affect and are affected by infectious diseases and food production. This Review synthesizes understanding about the links between emerging infectious diseases and food production, finding strong associations worldwide.

    • Jason R. Rohr
    • , Christopher B. Barrett
    • , David J. Civitello
    • , Meggan E. Craft
    • , Bryan Delius
    • , Giulio A. DeLeo
    • , Peter J. Hudson
    • , Nicolas Jouanard
    • , Karena H. Nguyen
    • , Richard S. Ostfeld
    • , Justin V. Remais
    • , Gilles Riveau
    • , Susanne H. Sokolow
    •  & David Tilman
  • Research | | open

    Foreign aid is necessary to control tropical diseases in endemic countries. Here the authors outline the steps taken to control malaria in Africa since 2000 and present an economic model to propose that US$25−30 per capita will be needed to avoid a disease trap.

    • Eric Maskin
    • , Célestin Monga
    • , Josselin Thuilliez
    •  & Jean-Claude Berthélemy
  • Research |

    The Beijing Municipality has implemented a programme that subsidizes electric heat pumps and electricity, and bans coal. This study estimates the programme’s impact on household energy use and expenditure, well-being and indoor environment quality.

    • Christopher Barrington-Leigh
    • , Jill Baumgartner
    • , Ellison Carter
    • , Brian E. Robinson
    • , Shu Tao
    •  & Yuanxun Zhang
    Nature Energy 4, 416-423

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