Climate and Earth system modelling

Climate and Earth system modelling is the use of mathematical representations of key components and properties of the atmosphere, ocean and biosphere to construct computer models. These models – which can range significantly in their complexity, depending on their intended application – are used to simulate important aspects of the Earth system and indicate how they may change in the future.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research | | open

    Power plants, vehicles and industry will continue to produce emissions for as long as they are used. Here, the authors show that retiring existing fossil fuel infrastructure at the end of its expected lifetime provides a good chance that the 1.5 °C Paris Agreement target can still be met.

    • Christopher J. Smith
    • , Piers M. Forster
    • , Myles Allen
    • , Jan Fuglestvedt
    • , Richard J. Millar
    • , Joeri Rogelj
    •  & Kirsten Zickfeld
  • Reviews |

    Earth system models project likely future climates, however, evaluation of their output is challenging. This Perspective discusses new evaluation approaches, considering both simulations and observations, to ensure credible information for decision-making.

    • Veronika Eyring
    • , Peter M. Cox
    • , Gregory M. Flato
    • , Peter J. Gleckler
    • , Gab Abramowitz
    • , Peter Caldwell
    • , William D. Collins
    • , Bettina K. Gier
    • , Alex D. Hall
    • , Forrest M. Hoffman
    • , George C. Hurtt
    • , Alexandra Jahn
    • , Chris D. Jones
    • , Stephen A. Klein
    • , John P. Krasting
    • , Lester Kwiatkowski
    • , Ruth Lorenz
    • , Eric Maloney
    • , Gerald A. Meehl
    • , Angeline G. Pendergrass
    • , Robert Pincus
    • , Alex C. Ruane
    • , Joellen L. Russell
    • , Benjamin M. Sanderson
    • , Benjamin D. Santer
    • , Steven C. Sherwood
    • , Isla R. Simpson
    • , Ronald J. Stouffer
    •  & Mark S. Williamson
  • Research |

    Atmospheric levels of chloroform increased after 2010, as a result of emissions in eastern China, according to analyses of measurements and inverse modelling.

    • Xuekun Fang
    • , Sunyoung Park
    • , Takuya Saito
    • , Rachel Tunnicliffe
    • , Anita L. Ganesan
    • , Matthew Rigby
    • , Shanlan Li
    • , Yoko Yokouchi
    • , Paul J. Fraser
    • , Christina M. Harth
    • , Paul B. Krummel
    • , Jens Mühle
    • , Simon O’Doherty
    • , Peter K. Salameh
    • , Peter G. Simmonds
    • , Ray F. Weiss
    • , Dickon Young
    • , Mark F. Lunt
    • , Alistair J. Manning
    • , Alicia Gressent
    •  & Ronald G. Prinn

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