Archaeology

Definition

Archaeology is the study of the artefacts and other physical evidence left by past societies of humans and closely related species. It uses scientific analysis of field samples to inform historical understanding.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Morphological analysis of teeth found at Lida Ajer shows that these belong to Homo sapiens, indicating that modern humans were in Sumatra between 73,000 and 63,000 years ago.

    • K. E. Westaway
    • , J. Louys
    • , R. Due Awe
    • , M. J. Morwood
    • , G. J. Price
    • , J.-x. Zhao
    • , M. Aubert
    • , R. Joannes-Boyau
    • , T. M. Smith
    • , M. M. Skinner
    • , T. Compton
    • , R. M. Bailey
    • , G. D. van den Bergh
    • , J. de Vos
    • , A. W. G. Pike
    • , C. Stringer
    • , E. W. Saptomo
    • , Y. Rizal
    • , J. Zaim
    • , W. D. Santoso
    • , A. Trihascaryo
    • , L. Kinsley
    •  & B. Sulistyanto
    Nature 548, 322–325
  • Research |

    New genome-wide data for ancient, Bronze Age individuals, including Minoans, Mycenaeans, and southwestern Anatolians, show that Minoans and Mycenaeans were genetically very similar yet distinct, supporting the idea of continuity but not isolation in the history of populations of the Aegean.

    • Iosif Lazaridis
    • , Alissa Mittnik
    • , Nick Patterson
    • , Swapan Mallick
    • , Nadin Rohland
    • , Saskia Pfrengle
    • , Anja Furtwängler
    • , Alexander Peltzer
    • , Cosimo Posth
    • , Andonis Vasilakis
    • , P. J. P. McGeorge
    • , Eleni Konsolaki-Yannopoulou
    • , George Korres
    • , Holley Martlew
    • , Manolis Michalodimitrakis
    • , Mehmet Özsait
    • , Nesrin Özsait
    • , Anastasia Papathanasiou
    • , Michael Richards
    • , Songül Alpaslan Roodenberg
    • , Yannis Tzedakis
    • , Robert Arnott
    • , Daniel M. Fernandes
    • , Jeffery R. Hughey
    • , Dimitra M. Lotakis
    • , Patrick A. Navas
    • , Yannis Maniatis
    • , John A. Stamatoyannopoulos
    • , Kristin Stewardson
    • , Philipp Stockhammer
    • , Ron Pinhasi
    • , David Reich
    • , Johannes Krause
    •  & George Stamatoyannopoulos
    Nature 548, 214–218
  • Research |

    Optical dating of sediments containing stone artefacts newly excavated at Madjedbebe, Australia, indicate that human occupation began around 65,000 years ago, thereby setting a new minimum age for the arrival of people in Australia.

    • Chris Clarkson
    • , Zenobia Jacobs
    • , Ben Marwick
    • , Richard Fullagar
    • , Lynley Wallis
    • , Mike Smith
    • , Richard G. Roberts
    • , Elspeth Hayes
    • , Kelsey Lowe
    • , Xavier Carah
    • , S. Anna Florin
    • , Jessica McNeil
    • , Delyth Cox
    • , Lee J. Arnold
    • , Quan Hua
    • , Jillian Huntley
    • , Helen E. A. Brand
    • , Tiina Manne
    • , Andrew Fairbairn
    • , James Shulmeister
    • , Lindsey Lyle
    • , Makiah Salinas
    • , Mara Page
    • , Kate Connell
    • , Gayoung Park
    • , Kasih Norman
    • , Tessa Murphy
    •  & Colin Pardoe
    Nature 547, 306–310

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