Perspectives

Nature Reviews Genetics 4, 559-566 (July 2003) | doi:10.1038/nrg1114

OpinionAn evolutionary scenario for the origin of flowers

Michael W. Frohlich1  About the author

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The Mostly Male theory is the first to use evidence from gene phylogenies, genetics, modern plant morphology and fossils to explain the evolutionary origin of flowers. It proposes that flower organization derives more from the male structures of ancestral gymnosperms than from female structures. The theory arose from a hypothesis-based study. Such studies are the most likely to generate testable evolutionary scenarios, which should be the ultimate goal of evo-devo.

Author affiliations

  1. Michael W. Frohlich is at the Department of Botany, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, UK. Email: m.frohlich@nhm.ac.uk
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