Perspectives

  • Perspective |

    Our understanding of how species diversity is maintained depends on spatial scale. Here, the coexistence–area relationship is developed to understand scale dependence and increase community ecology’s contribution to biodiversity conservation.

    • Simon P. Hart
    • , Jacob Usinowicz
    •  & Jonathan M. Levine
  • Perspective |

    A new approach is outlined for capturing multiple facets of biodiversity in near real-time by combining the latest advances in automated Earth observation recording, high-throughput sequencing and ecological modelling.

    • Alex Bush
    • , Rahel Sollmann
    • , Andreas Wilting
    • , Kristine Bohmann
    • , Beth Cole
    • , Heiko Balzter
    • , Christopher Martius
    • , András Zlinszky
    • , Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer
    • , Christina A. Cobbold
    • , Terence P. Dawson
    • , Brent C. Emerson
    • , Simon Ferrier
    • , M. Thomas P. Gilbert
    • , Martin Herold
    • , Laurence Jones
    • , Fabian H. Leendertz
    • , Louise Matthews
    • , James D. A. Millington
    • , John R. Olson
    • , Otso Ovaskainen
    • , Dave Raffaelli
    • , Richard Reeve
    • , Mark-Oliver Rödel
    • , Torrey W. Rodgers
    • , Stewart Snape
    • , Ingrid Visseren-Hamakers
    • , Alfried P. Vogler
    • , Piran C. L. White
    • , Martin J. Wooster
    •  & Douglas W. Yu
  • Perspective |

    Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relationships remain constant no matter how many functions are considered. Biodiversity affects the level of multifunctionality and the effect on multifunctionality equals the average effect on single functions.

    • Lars Gamfeldt
    •  & Fabian Roger
  • Perspective |

    Palaeoecology is an essential tool for assessing island conservation.

    • Sandra Nogué
    • , Lea de Nascimento
    • , Cynthia A. Froyd
    • , Janet M. Wilmshurst
    • , Erik J. de Boer
    • , Emily E. D. Coffey
    • , Robert J. Whittaker
    • , José María Fernández-Palacios
    •  & Kathy J. Willis
  • Perspective |

    Reproducibility starts with having a transparent and streamlined workflow. Here, the authors describe how they achieved this using open data tools for the collaborative Ocean Health Index project.

    • Julia S. Stewart Lowndes
    • , Benjamin D. Best
    • , Courtney Scarborough
    • , Jamie C. Afflerbach
    • , Melanie R. Frazier
    • , Casey C. O’Hara
    • , Ning Jiang
    •  & Benjamin S. Halpern
  • Perspective |

    The evolutionary history of life and the history of the planet itself are closely entwined. This Perspective looks at the sources of energy — geochemical, sunlight, oxygen, flesh and fire — that have shaped this inter-relationship and the course of evolution.

    • Olivia P. Judson
  • Perspective |

    Ecological interactions typically vary across both space and time. Here, the authors outline a framework for incorporating multiple layers of complexity into ecological networks, and discuss their potential applications and future challenges.

    • Shai Pilosof
    • , Mason A. Porter
    • , Mercedes Pascual
    •  & Sonia Kéfi
  • Perspective |

    Recent developments in data acquisition and quantitative modelling allow evolutionary biologists to predict future processes. This Perspective reviews progress in understanding the evolutionary dynamics of systems such as microorganisms and cancer and discusses unifying concepts of predictive analysis.

    • Michael Lässig
    • , Ville Mustonen
    •  & Aleksandra M. Walczak
  • Perspective |

    Speciation can be a sudden or gradual process, and may involve genomic tipping points where positive feedback accelerates the process towards completion. Here, the mechanics of speciation tipping points and their similarities to other dynamic systems are discussed.

    • Patrik Nosil
    • , Jeffrey L. Feder
    • , Samuel M. Flaxman
    •  & Zachariah Gompert
  • Perspective |

    Current understanding of eco-evolutionary feedbacks rests primarily on simple systems at small spatial scales. Here, the authors outline a framework for examining spatiotemporal dynamics in species-rich networks at the metacommunity scale.

    • Hirokazu Toju
    • , Masato Yamamichi
    • , Paulo R. Guimarães Jr
    • , Jens M. Olesen
    • , Akihiko Mougi
    • , Takehito Yoshida
    •  & John N. Thompson