Articles

  • Article |

    The Pliocene marine megafaunal extinctions caused functional diversity loss, which was not mitigated by newly evolved taxa in the Pleistocene. This paper points towards an abrupt loss of productive coastal habitats as a key extinction driver.

    • Catalina Pimiento
    • , John N. Griffin
    • , Christopher F. Clements
    • , Daniele Silvestro
    • , Sara Varela
    • , Mark D. Uhen
    •  & Carlos Jaramillo
  • Article |

    Predator–prey interactions in a Zambian national park reveal the interaction between types of risk: strong prey vigilance responses to locations with high long-term risk when short-term risk was high, but not when short-term risk was low.

    • Egil Dröge
    • , Scott Creel
    • , Matthew S. Becker
    •  & Jassiel M’soka
  • Article |

    The worldwide spread of four groups of alien ant species has been significantly but differently influenced by major events in recent human history: waves of globalization, world wars and global recessions.

    • Cleo Bertelsmeier
    • , Sébastien Ollier
    • , Andrew Liebhold
    •  & Laurent Keller
  • Article |

    Marine seismic surveys use high-pressure air guns to explore sub-sea petroleum deposits, but little is known about their impact on marine life. Now it is shown that exposure is linked to increased zooplankton mortality at a range >1 km.

    • Robert D. McCauley
    • , Ryan D. Day
    • , Kerrie M. Swadling
    • , Quinn P. Fitzgibbon
    • , Reg A. Watson
    •  & Jayson M. Semmens
  • Article |

    Predicting declines in commercially harvested species is crucial to avoid overexploitation. An analysis of historical whaling records identifies early warning signals in body size and abundance data 40 years before the collapse of whale stocks.

    • Christopher F. Clements
    • , Julia L. Blanchard
    • , Kirsty L. Nash
    • , Mark A. Hindell
    •  & Arpat Ozgul
  • Article |

    Ancient DNA analysis of archaeological cat remains shows cats dispersed along trade routes from the Neolithic era onwards, while its gene pool shows admixture from multiple geographical sources and that the tabby allele originated in the Middle Ages.

    • Claudio Ottoni
    • , Wim Van Neer
    • , Bea De Cupere
    • , Julien Daligault
    • , Silvia Guimaraes
    • , Joris Peters
    • , Nikolai Spassov
    • , Mary E. Prendergast
    • , Nicole Boivin
    • , Arturo Morales-Muñiz
    • , Adrian Bălăşescu
    • , Cornelia Becker
    • , Norbert Benecke
    • , Adina Boroneant
    • , Hijlke Buitenhuis
    • , Jwana Chahoud
    • , Alison Crowther
    • , Laura Llorente
    • , Nina Manaseryan
    • , Hervé Monchot
    • , Vedat Onar
    • , Marta Osypińska
    • , Olivier Putelat
    • , Eréndira M. Quintana Morales
    • , Jacqueline Studer
    • , Ursula Wierer
    • , Ronny Decorte
    • , Thierry Grange
    •  & Eva-Maria Geigl
  • Article |

    Existing rooting methods to determine ancestor–descendent relations in phylogenetic trees have limitations. A new rooting method called minimal ancestor deviation does not require outgroup knowledge and can be used on any type of data.

    • Fernando Domingues Kümmel Tria
    • , Giddy Landan
    •  & Tal Dagan
  • Article |

    Analysis of eight taxonomic groups across 186 islands and 423 mainland regions reveals that those with the greatest gross domestic product per capita, human population density and area have the highest established alien species richness, with the strongest effects on islands.

    • Wayne Dawson
    • , Dietmar Moser
    • , Mark van Kleunen
    • , Holger Kreft
    • , Jan Pergl
    • , Petr Pyšek
    • , Patrick Weigelt
    • , Marten Winter
    • , Bernd Lenzner
    • , Tim M. Blackburn
    • , Ellie E. Dyer
    • , Phillip Cassey
    • , Sally L. Scrivens
    • , Evan P. Economo
    • , Benoit Guénard
    • , César Capinha
    • , Hanno Seebens
    • , Pablo García-Díaz
    • , Wolfgang Nentwig
    • , Emili García-Berthou
    • , Christine Casal
    • , Nicholas E. Mandrak
    • , Pam Fuller
    • , Carsten Meyer
    •  & Franz Essl
  • Article |

    Trees are likely to show lagged responses to climate change because they are sessile and long-lived. Here, the authors show that dominant tree species in North America are out of equilibrium with climate, with range contraction outpacing expansion.

    • Matthew V. Talluto
    • , Isabelle Boulangeat
    • , Steve Vissault
    • , Wilfried Thuiller
    •  & Dominique Gravel
  • Article |

    It is not fully understood what factors drive population cycles of Antarctic krill. Contrary to previous work focusing on climatic factors, here the authors identify intraspecific competition for food as the primary driver of 5–6 year oscillations.

    • Alexey B. Ryabov
    • , André M. de Roos
    • , Bettina Meyer
    • , So Kawaguchi
    •  & Bernd Blasius
  • Article |

    Fatty acid desaturase genes encode enzymes for the biosynthesis of fatty acids that are essential for individuals with plant-based diets. Here, the authors show positive selection on alternative alleles in Europeans before and after the onset of farming and strongest selection in Southern European farmers.

    • Kaixiong Ye
    • , Feng Gao
    • , David Wang
    • , Ofer Bar-Yosef
    •  & Alon Keinan
  • Article |

    Assessing the conservation status of 1,020 European marine fishes reveals half of large (>1.5 m) fishes are threatened with extinction and stock status diverges geographically: almost all Mediterranean stock is overfished, most northern European stock is not.

    • Paul G. Fernandes
    • , Gina M. Ralph
    • , Ana Nieto
    • , Mariana García Criado
    • , Paraskevas Vasilakopoulos
    • , Christos D. Maravelias
    • , Robin M. Cook
    • , Riley A. Pollom
    • , Marcelo Kovačić
    • , David Pollard
    • , Edward D. Farrell
    • , Ann-Britt Florin
    • , Beth A. Polidoro
    • , Julia M. Lawson
    • , Pascal Lorance
    • , Franz Uiblein
    • , Matthew Craig
    • , David J. Allen
    • , Sarah L. Fowler
    • , Rachel H. L. Walls
    • , Mia T. Comeros-Raynal
    • , Michael S. Harvey
    • , Manuel Dureuil
    • , Manuel Biscoito
    • , Caroline Pollock
    • , Sophy R. McCully Phillips
    • , Jim R. Ellis
    • , Constantinos Papaconstantinou
    • , Alen Soldo
    • , Çetin Keskin
    • , Steen Wilhelm Knudsen
    • , Luís Gil de Sola
    • , Fabrizio Serena
    • , Bruce B. Collette
    • , Kjell Nedreaas
    • , Emilie Stump
    • , Barry C. Russell
    • , Silvia Garcia
    • , Pedro Afonso
    • , Armelle B. J. Jung
    • , Helena Alvarez
    • , João Delgado
    • , Nicholas K. Dulvy
    •  & Kent E. Carpenter
  • Article |

    Trace fossil analysis reveals that following initial marginal incursions in the Ediacaran, the marine–terrestrial faunal transition became widespread in the Carboniferous, accompanied by repeated ‘bursts’ of diversification.

    • Nicholas J. Minter
    • , Luis A. Buatois
    • , M. Gabriela Mángano
    • , Neil S. Davies
    • , Martin R. Gibling
    • , Robert B. MacNaughton
    •  & Conrad C. Labandeira
  • Article |

    Environmental heterogeneity in three-spined stickleback pairs contributes to deviations from parallel evolution, but genomic targets of selection were more parallel between environmentally similar pairs, suggestive of a continuum of parallel evolution.

    • Yoel E. Stuart
    • , Thor Veen
    • , Jesse N. Weber
    • , Dieta Hanson
    • , Mark Ravinet
    • , Brian K. Lohman
    • , Cole J. Thompson
    • , Tania Tasneem
    • , Andrew Doggett
    • , Rebecca Izen
    • , Newaz Ahmed
    • , Rowan D. H. Barrett
    • , Andrew P. Hendry
    • , Catherine L. Peichel
    •  & Daniel I. Bolnick
  • Article |

    Sessile communities may support high species richness, despite competition for space. Here, the authors use fungal competition assays to show that intransitive competition can overwhelm pairwise competitive exclusion to facilitate biodiversity.

    • Daniel S. Maynard
    • , Mark A. Bradford
    • , Daniel L. Lindner
    • , Linda T. A. van Diepen
    • , Serita D. Frey
    • , Jessie A. Glaeser
    •  & Thomas W. Crowther
  • Article |

    Stable isotope and community faunal analysis of early hominid environments in the lower Awash Valley (Ethiopia) and Turkana Basin (Kenya/Ethiopia) reveal environmental change and divergence coincident with the emergence of the genus Homo (approx. 2.8 Ma).

    • Joshua R. Robinson
    • , John Rowan
    • , Christopher J. Campisano
    • , Jonathan G. Wynn
    •  & Kaye E. Reed
  • Article |

    Reproduction incurs a physiological cost as a result of evolutionary fitness optimization. In male Drosophila, key reproductive costs are shown to be a result of perceiving female pheromones, and the act of mating reverses the costs.

    • Zachary M. Harvanek
    • , Yang Lyu
    • , Christi M. Gendron
    • , Jacob C. Johnson
    • , Shu Kondo
    • , Daniel E. L. Promislow
    •  & Scott D. Pletcher
  • Article |

    Female aggression towards other females is common in nature, yet we don’t know what triggers such behaviour. Here, the authors show that, in fruit flies, female aggression after mating is strongly stimulated by sperm.

    • Eleanor Bath
    • , Samuel Bowden
    • , Carla Peters
    • , Anjali Reddy
    • , Joseph A. Tobias
    • , Evan Easton-Calabria
    • , Nathalie Seddon
    • , Stephen F. Goodwin
    •  & Stuart Wigby
  • Article |

    Larval dispersal of clownfish and butterflyfish across a 10,000 km2 area was tracked over 2 years, a large enough scale to inform the design of marine reserve networks and test their performance.

    • Glenn R. Almany
    • , Serge Planes
    • , Simon R. Thorrold
    • , Michael L. Berumen
    • , Michael Bode
    • , Pablo Saenz-Agudelo
    • , Mary C. Bonin
    • , Ashley J. Frisch
    • , Hugo B. Harrison
    • , Vanessa Messmer
    • , Gerrit B. Nanninga
    • , Mark A. Priest
    • , Maya Srinivasan
    • , Tane Sinclair-Taylor
    • , David H. Williamson
    •  & Geoffrey P. Jones