Despite projections of a severe extinction event, a window of opportunity is now open for a mix of policies to avoid biodiversity collapse in the Cerrado hotspot.

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Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the help of A. Cosenza, A. Oliveira, F. Barros, I. Lorenzini, J. Silveira dos Santos and M. Pereira with the preparation of figures.

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Rio Conservation and Sustainability Science Centre (CSRio), Department of Geography and the Environment, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 22430-060, Brazil

    • Bernardo B. N. Strassburg
    • , Alvaro Iribarrem
    • , Renato Crouzeilles
    •  & Agnieszka E. Latawiec
  2. International Institute of Sustainability, Rio de Janeiro 22460-320, Brazil

    • Bernardo B. N. Strassburg
    • , Rafael Feltran-Barbieri
    • , Alvaro Iribarrem
    • , Renato Crouzeilles
    •  & Agnieszka E. Latawiec
  3. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland 1196, Switzerland

    • Thomas Brooks
  4. World Resources Institute, Washington DC 20002, USA

    • Rafael Feltran-Barbieri
  5. Ecosystem Services and Management programme, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg A-2361, Austria

    • Alvaro Iribarrem
  6. Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia 74001-970, Brazil

    • Rafael Loyola
  7. Centro Nacional de Conservação da Flora, Rio de Janeiro 22470-180, Brazil

    • Rafael Loyola
  8. Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Informatics, Faculty of Production and Power Engineering, University of Agriculture in Cracow, Cracow 31-120, Poland

    • Agnieszka E. Latawiec
  9. Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK

    • Francisco J. B. Oliveira Filho
  10. Brazilian Ministry of Environment, Brasília 70068-900, Brazil

    • Carlos A. de M. Scaramuzza
  11. Fundação Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento Sustentável, Rio de Janeiro 22610-180, Brazil

    • Fabio R. Scarano
  12. Department of Ecology, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 21941-970, Brazil

    • Fabio R. Scarano
  13. Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte 31270-901, Brazil

    • Britaldo Soares-Filho
  14. Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK.

    • Andrew Balmford

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Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Bernardo B. N. Strassburg.

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    Supplementary Information

    Supplementary Methods; Supplementary Tables 1-4; Supplementary References