Plasma-based accelerators

Definition

Plasma-based accelerators use plasmas to increase the kinetic energy of charged particles such as electrons, protons, and ions. Plasma-based accelerators usually use laser-produced plasmas in which charge neutrality is broken in a localized area. The plasma-based approach enables devices much smaller than conventional particle accelerators.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research | | open

    Electron acceleration to very high energies is achieved in a single step by injecting electrons into a ‘wake’ of charge created in a 10-metre-long plasma by speeding long proton bunches.

    • E. Adli
    • , A. Ahuja
    • , O. Apsimon
    • , R. Apsimon
    • , A.-M. Bachmann
    • , D. Barrientos
    • , F. Batsch
    • , J. Bauche
    • , V. K. Berglyd Olsen
    • , M. Bernardini
    • , T. Bohl
    • , C. Bracco
    • , F. Braunmüller
    • , G. Burt
    • , B. Buttenschön
    • , A. Caldwell
    • , M. Cascella
    • , J. Chappell
    • , E. Chevallay
    • , M. Chung
    • , D. Cooke
    • , H. Damerau
    • , L. Deacon
    • , L. H. Deubner
    • , A. Dexter
    • , S. Doebert
    • , J. Farmer
    • , V. N. Fedosseev
    • , R. Fiorito
    • , R. A. Fonseca
    • , F. Friebel
    • , L. Garolfi
    • , S. Gessner
    • , I. Gorgisyan
    • , A. A. Gorn
    • , E. Granados
    • , O. Grulke
    • , E. Gschwendtner
    • , J. Hansen
    • , A. Helm
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    • , F. Kraus
    • , Y. Li
    • , S. Liu
    • , N. Lopes
    • , K. V. Lotov
    • , L. Maricalva Brun
    • , M. Martyanov
    • , S. Mazzoni
    • , D. Medina Godoy
    • , V. A. Minakov
    • , J. Mitchell
    • , J. C. Molendijk
    • , J. T. Moody
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    • , C. Pasquino
    • , A. Pardons
    • , F. Peña Asmus
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    • , A. Perera
    • , A. Petrenko
    • , S. Pitman
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    • , S. Rey
    • , K. Rieger
    • , H. Ruhl
    • , J. S. Schmidt
    • , I. A. Shalimova
    • , P. Sherwood
    • , L. O. Silva
    • , L. Soby
    • , A. P. Sosedkin
    • , R. Speroni
    • , R. I. Spitsyn
    • , P. V. Tuev
    • , M. Turner
    • , F. Velotti
    • , L. Verra
    • , V. A. Verzilov
    • , J. Vieira
    • , C. P. Welsch
    • , B. Williamson
    • , M. Wing
    • , B. Woolley
    •  & G. Xia
    Nature 561, 363–367
  • Research | | open

    Understanding the ultrafast dynamics of materials under extreme conditions is challenging. Here the authors use a femtosecond betatron X-ray source to investigate the solid to dense plasma phase transition in copper using XAS with unprecedented time resolution.

    • B. Mahieu
    • , N. Jourdain
    • , K. Ta Phuoc
    • , F. Dorchies
    • , J.-P. Goddet
    • , A. Lifschitz
    • , P. Renaudin
    •  & L. Lecherbourg
  • Research | | open

    In recent years, photonic structures that mediate the transfer of energy from a laser to a particle beam have gained interest as a way to access more compact accelerations techniques for use in a wide variety of applications. The authors investigate by numerical calculations and experimentally the effect of nonlinear pulse distortions on the operation of dielectric laser accelerators.

    • D. Cesar
    • , S. Custodio
    • , J. Maxson
    • , P. Musumeci
    • , X. Shen
    • , E. Threlkeld
    • , R. J. England
    • , A. Hanuka
    • , I. V. Makasyuk
    • , E. A. Peralta
    • , K. P. Wootton
    •  & Z. Wu

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