Laser-produced plasmas

Laser-produced plasmas are plasmas produced by firing high-intensity beams of light. Laser-produced plasmas have been used to create short bursts of x-rays and to accelerate particles — so-called plasma-based accelerators. Laser produced plasmas are also useful for recreating astrophysical plasmas in the laboratory.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Researchers have measured the equation of state of hydrocarbon in a high-density regime, which is necessary for accurate modelling of the oscillations of white dwarf stars.

    • Andrea L. Kritcher
    • , Damian C. Swift
    • , Tilo Döppner
    • , Benjamin Bachmann
    • , Lorin X. Benedict
    • , Gilbert W. Collins
    • , Jonathan L. DuBois
    • , Fred Elsner
    • , Gilles Fontaine
    • , Jim A. Gaffney
    • , Sebastien Hamel
    • , Amy Lazicki
    • , Walter R. Johnson
    • , Natalie Kostinski
    • , Dominik Kraus
    • , Michael J. MacDonald
    • , Brian Maddox
    • , Madison E. Martin
    • , Paul Neumayer
    • , Abbas Nikroo
    • , Joseph Nilsen
    • , Bruce A. Remington
    • , Didier Saumon
    • , Phillip A. Sterne
    • , Wendi Sweet
    • , Alfredo A. Correa
    • , Heather D. Whitley
    • , Roger W. Falcone
    •  & Siegfried H. Glenzer
    Nature 584, 51-54
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Laser-driven ion acceleration is an important topic for next-generation compact accelerators and material characterisation. The authors present a theoretical study on ion acceleration with near-critical double-layer targets that supports the experimental realisation of these targets and the interpretation of experiments of laser-ion acceleration.

    • Andrea Pazzaglia
    • , Luca Fedeli
    • , Arianna Formenti
    • , Alessandro Maffini
    •  & Matteo Passoni
  • Research |

    Gold atoms were stripped of up to 72 electrons by irradiating gold foils and nanowire arrays with a relativistic 400 nm laser pulse. This work will open the door to the study of the atomic physics of highly charged atoms in very-high-density plasmas.

    • R. Hollinger
    • , S. Wang
    • , Y. Wang
    • , A. Moreau
    • , M. G. Capeluto
    • , H. Song
    • , A. Rockwood
    • , E. Bayarsaikhan
    • , V. Kaymak
    • , A. Pukhov
    • , V. N. Shlyaptsev
    •  & J. J. Rocca
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Excited charge carriers, such as photoelectrons, play an important role in fundamental and technological fields. Here the authors employ an ultrafast electron microscope to directly visualize the cyclotron oscillations and oblate-to-prolate shape change of a photoemitted electron gas from a laser-excited copper surface.

    • Omid Zandi
    • , Allan E. Sykes
    • , Ryan D. Cornelius
    • , Francis M. Alcorn
    • , Brandon S. Zerbe
    • , Phillip M. Duxbury
    • , Bryan W. Reed
    •  & Renske M. van der Veen
  • Research |

    In laser–plasma experiments complemented by simulations, electron acceleration is observed in turbulent collisionless shocks. This work clarifies the pre-acceleration to relativistic energies required for the onset of diffusive shock acceleration.

    • F. Fiuza
    • , G. F. Swadling
    • , A. Grassi
    • , H. G. Rinderknecht
    • , D. P. Higginson
    • , D. D. Ryutov
    • , C. Bruulsema
    • , R. P. Drake
    • , S. Funk
    • , S. Glenzer
    • , G. Gregori
    • , C. K. Li
    • , B. B. Pollock
    • , B. A. Remington
    • , J. S. Ross
    • , W. Rozmus
    • , Y. Sakawa
    • , A. Spitkovsky
    • , S. Wilks
    •  & H.-S. Park

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