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Fungal genomics is a scientific discipline that concerns the genome, encompassing the entire hereditary information, of fungi. Fungal genomics can, for example, be used to study fungal evolution or outbreaks of fungal infections.
Comparative genomics of 24 Penicillium species, including 9 that are newly sequenced, characterizes over 1000 secondary metabolism gene clusters, some of which are validated experimentally, identifying these fungi as an important untapped source of bioactive compounds.