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This Collection presents a series of articles describing annotated datasets of medical images and video. All medical specialities are considered and data can be derived from study participants, tissue samples, electronic health records (EHRs) or other sources.
The MOSAiC Data Legacy is a principal result of the multi-national year-round research activity in the Arctic. This collection describes the main achievements in terms of publicly available research data. Furthermore, it highlights the data management principles and data policy as a milestone in pushing scientific collaboration in a huge international research project consortium in Earth System Sciences to reality.
This collection brings together a series of works that aim to facilitate the understanding and prevention of disasters involving critical infrastructures. Leading the collection is a series of papers sharing data on the environmental impact of the nuclear accident in Fukushima. The additional papers in the collection provide data related to a broad range of critical infrastructures and enable the assessment and mitigation of possible infrastructure disaster hazards and risks.
This collection presents a series of rapidly evolving resources that aggregate and bring cohesion to the massive volume of data being generated in the COVID-19 crisis. The works highlighted include groundbreaking efforts to drive rapid scientific progress through broad collaboration, open data sharing and citizen science.
To understand our world's changing climate, it is imperative that we understand how climates of the past varied. This collection brings together a series of papers published at Scientific Data that describe and share valuable data on past climates, i.e. 'paleoclimate data'. The data were obtained from a variety of sources, including historical records that can inform us about the recent past, and biological or fossil proxies that allow us to learn about climates that existed long before man walked the Earth.
Improving the energy efficiency of the buildings in which we live and work requires not just changes in construction techniques, or the use of more energy efficient technologies. Human behaviour also shapes and influences energy usage in complex and sometimes counter-intuitive ways. The papers in this collection present a series of datasets designed to help researchers explore this important topic. It is hoped that these works will help guide policy development and spark wider data sharing among researchers studying human behaviour in relation to our built environment.
'Multi-omics' refers to a family of complex experimental designs where researchers apply more than one molecular profiling technology – capturing, for example, the genome, proteome and metabolome – across a common set of biological samples. These experiments offer a wealth of opportunities for subsequent analyses, but the size of the resulting datasets and the diversity of the study designs makes data sharing inherently challenging. In this collection, we present a series of multi-omics studies where the authors have used innovative means to maximize the accessibility and reusability of their datasets.
Metadata, data about data, are an essential component of any data sharing system. They power discovery and bind together related datasets. They provide essential context, describing, for example, who generated a dataset and how. The papers in this collection explore and critically analyze issues related to the quality and FAIRness of metadata in public resources. Collectively, these works highlight obstacles, both technical and behavioural, that affect metadata quality, and propose possible solutions. They also shine a light on the important, but often underappreciated, role of data curators and research data managers.