Browse Articles

  • News & Views |

    ‘Nudge’ interventions, such as green energy defaults, may be simple and cost-effective ways to address climate change and can complement more substantive climate policies. But, new research finds that information about a nudge policy lowers support for a carbon tax, unless that nudge policy is described as part of a comprehensive approach.

    • Alexander Maki
  • Comment |

    Manipulation of European Union emission trading systems (ETS) by the buy, bank, burn program compensates unregulated emissions while regulated sectors carry a large part of the burden. This distorts the balance between regulated firms and non-regulated projects, so parties outside the EU ETS can be virtuous at the cost of others.

    • Reyer Gerlagh
    •  & Roweno J. R. K. Heijmans
  • News & Views |

    The Arctic stores vast amounts of soil carbon, much of which is likely to be lost to the atmosphere as the climate warms. A clever new analytical approach suggests that even carbon that has been stored for hundreds to thousands of years is vulnerable to warming.

    • Richard Conant
  • Article |

    Behavioural interventions aimed at curbing carbon emissions are inexpensive and easy to implement but can offer the false promise of a quick fix. Across six experiments, the authors show that exposure to a green energy nudge diminishes support for carbon taxes.

    • David Hagmann
    • , Emily H Ho
    •  & George Loewenstein
  • News & Views |

    Public education for youth can influence future generations, but it typically does not create outcomes for those who need to vote on policies and create change today. A new study suggests that well-designed instructional units can foster family interactions that increase adult concern about climate change.

    • Martha C. Monroe
  • Comment |

    The #FridayForFuture campaign has prompted unprecedented numbers of youth to join the climate movement around the world. This growing movement is important beyond its potential impact on climate policy because it is creating a cohort of citizens who will be active participants in democracy.

    • Dana R. Fisher
  • Letter |

    Public concern about climate change is difficult to motivate. This study finds an increase in climate change concern among parents after their middle school-aged children participated in a climate change school curriculum.

    • Danielle F. Lawson
    • , Kathryn T. Stevenson
    • , M. Nils Peterson
    • , Sarah J. Carrier
    • , Renee L. Strnad
    •  & Erin Seekamp
  • Comment |

    The students striking for action on climate change admirably display civic engagement on a pressing issue. Nevertheless, their movement’s message focuses far too heavily on the need to ‘listen to science’, which is at most a point of departure for answering the ethical and political questions central to climate action.

    • Darrick Evensen
  • Editorial |

    The unexpected swell of action, sparked by a Swedish teenager, has put climate change back on the political radar. With time on their side, youth will experience longer term climate change impacts more than those in decision making positions, meaning they want a say in their future.

  • Feature |

    Long-term climate dynamics and impacts from sea level rise to heat stress make the case for much stronger mitigation efforts today

    • Sonja van Renssen
  • Letter |

    The frequency of extreme weather events is increasing due to climate change. Here, the authors exploit regional variation in the UK summer heatwave of 2018 and find that exposure to extreme temperatures influenced concern about energy security.

    • Shaun Larcom
    • , Po-Wen She
    •  & Terry van Gevelt
  • Article |

    The benefits of using natural gas as a bridge fuel are often called into question. A coal-to-gas shift in China, Germany, India and the United States is broadly consistent with climate stabilization goals in the Paris Agreement, except when metrics emphasizing very short-term outcomes are used.

    • Katsumasa Tanaka
    • , Otávio Cavalett
    • , William J. Collins
    •  & Francesco Cherubini
  • News & Views |

    Climate change exposes more people to heat waves and other extreme weather events. New research shows that experiencing a heat wave can affect concerns about energy security, but not enough to change behaviour.

    • Peter D. Howe
  • News & Views |

    North American winters have varied from mild to extremely cold in recent years. Now, research provides a framework for understanding these changing temperature extremes.

    • Stephen Baxter
  • Letter |

    Fifty years of monthly observation of rainforest canopy trees in the Central Amazon reveals that drought, heat, storms and extreme rain can all increase tree mortality. Pioneers, softwoods and evergreen functional groups were particularly vulnerable.

    • Izabela Aleixo
    • , Darren Norris
    • , Lia Hemerik
    • , Antenor Barbosa
    • , Eduardo Prata
    • , Flávia Costa
    •  & Lourens Poorter
  • News & Views |

    A fifty-year observational record of Central Amazon forest reveals the multifaceted nature of tree death and concerning signs of vulnerability to increasing heat.

    • Emanuel Gloor
  • Review Article |

    The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) mission, launched in 2002, allows monitoring of changes in hydrology and the cryosphere with terrestrial and ocean applications. This Review Article focuses on its contribution to the detection and quantification of climate change signals.

    • Byron D. Tapley
    • , Michael M. Watkins
    • , Frank Flechtner
    • , Christoph Reigber
    • , Srinivas Bettadpur
    • , Matthew Rodell
    • , Ingo Sasgen
    • , James S. Famiglietti
    • , Felix W. Landerer
    • , Don P. Chambers
    • , John T. Reager
    • , Alex S. Gardner
    • , Himanshu Save
    • , Erik R. Ivins
    • , Sean C. Swenson
    • , Carmen Boening
    • , Christoph Dahle
    • , David N. Wiese
    • , Henryk Dobslaw
    • , Mark E. Tamisiea
    •  & Isabella Velicogna
  • Article |

    Spaceborne thermal observation is used to monitor discrete phenophases of forest understory plants in near-real time and the thermal relationship is used to project phenological changes under future climates.

    • David N. Laskin
    • , Gregory J. McDermid
    • , Scott E. Nielsen
    • , Shawn J. Marshall
    • , David R. Roberts
    •  & Alessandro Montaghi
  • Letter |

    The life-cycle GHG emissions from plastics are expected to increase. Here, it is shown that an aggressive strategy of decarbonizing energy infrastructure, improving recycling, adopting bio-based plastics and reducing demand is required to keep emissions below 2015 levels.

    • Jiajia Zheng
    •  & Sangwon Suh
  • Comment |

    Many countries are formulating a long-term climate strategy to be submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change by 2020. Model-based, multi-disciplinary assessments can be a key ingredient for informing policy makers and engaging stakeholders in this process.

    • Matthias Weitzel
    • , Toon Vandyck
    • , Kimon Keramidas
    • , Markus Amann
    • , Pantelis Capros
    • , Michel den Elzen
    • , Stefan Frank
    • , Stéphane Tchung-Ming
    • , Ana Díaz Vázquez
    •  & Bert Saveyn
  • Article |

    The Pacific Walker circulation is predicted to weaken, however, observations suggest a current strengthening. Satellite humidity observations show a weaker response than reanalyses; coupled with model simulations, this suggests that internal variability dominates recent strengthening.

    • Eui-Seok Chung
    • , Axel Timmermann
    • , Brian J. Soden
    • , Kyung-Ja Ha
    • , Lei Shi
    •  & Viju O. John
  • Editorial |

    Men and women differ in their perceptions of environmental risk, vulnerability to climate change impacts and adaptation behaviour. Effective policies must address the diversity of gender roles and identities, and the underlying drivers of inequality.

  • Comment |

    The way in which climate change research funds are managed is shifting dramatically toward investments in large collaborative research networks. This poses significant challenges for researchers, and requires changes from the institutions and funders that support them.

    • G. Cundill
    • , B. Currie-Alder
    •  & M. Leone
  • Perspective |

    The Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project develops a framework to design low-emission development pathways. This Perspective discusses the framework and how it can support the development of national strategies to meet climate targets, as well as help achieve stakeholder engagement.

    • Henri Waisman
    • , Chris Bataille
    • , Harald Winkler
    • , Frank Jotzo
    • , Priyadarshi Shukla
    • , Michel Colombier
    • , Daniel Buira
    • , Patrick Criqui
    • , Manfred Fischedick
    • , Mikiko Kainuma
    • , Emilio La Rovere
    • , Steve Pye
    • , George Safonov
    • , Ucok Siagian
    • , Fei Teng
    • , Maria-Rosa Virdis
    • , Jim Williams
    • , Soogil Young
    • , Gabrial Anandarajah
    • , Rizaldi Boer
    • , Yongsun Cho
    • , Amandine Denis-Ryan
    • , Subash Dhar
    • , Maria Gaeta
    • , Claudio Gesteira
    • , Ben Haley
    • , Jean-Charles Hourcade
    • , Qiang Liu
    • , Oleg Lugovoy
    • , Toshihiko Masui
    • , Sandrine Mathy
    • , Ken Oshiro
    • , Ramiro Parrado
    • , Minal Pathak
    • , Vladimir Potashnikov
    • , Sascha Samadi
    • , David Sawyer
    • , Thomas Spencer
    • , Jordi Tovilla
    •  & Hilton Trollip
  • News & Views |

    Women have typically been excluded from forest conservation programs due to traditional decision-making structures in their villages and local governments. Research now shows that greater representation of women in forest-user groups leads to more equitable sharing of program benefits and increases conservation outcomes.

    • Björn Vollan
    •  & Adam Douglas Henry
  • Review Article |

    Cities around the world are at the forefront of enacting climate mitigation policies, but effective action requires a better understanding of potential solutions. This Review offers a systematic exploration of the urban case study literature and discusses ways to best make use of the growing body of cases.

    • William F. Lamb
    • , Felix Creutzig
    • , Max W. Callaghan
    •  & Jan C. Minx
  • Letter |

    Melting glaciers are increasing Himalayan glacial lakes and potentially the risk of outburst floods. An advanced automated algorithm identifies glacial lake outburst floods from Landsat images since the late 1980s to improve understanding of these events and trends in their frequency.

    • Georg Veh
    • , Oliver Korup
    • , Sebastian von Specht
    • , Sigrid Roessner
    •  & Ariane Walz
  • Article |

    Climate change has the potential to profoundly affect Arctic transportation systems. Here, Indigenous knowledge and climate data are integrated to model changing trail access for Canada’s Inuit communities over the past 30 years

    • J. D. Ford
    • , D. Clark
    • , T. Pearce
    • , L. Berrang-Ford
    • , L. Copland
    • , J. Dawson
    • , M. New
    •  & S. L Harper
  • Article |

    Decision-making structures in forest-user communities often exclude women. This lab-in-field experiment shows that groups in which at least 50% of members were women conserved more trees, and distributed benefits more equally, in a payment for ecosystem services intervention.

    • Nathan J. Cook
    • , Tara Grillos
    •  & Krister P. Andersson