Volume 2 Issue 11, November 2019

Volume 2 Issue 11

Air pollution and miscarriage risk

Maternal exposure to air pollution is linked to an increased risk of miscarriage. Analysing clinical records in Beijing, China, Zhang and colleagues associate the risk of silent miscarriage, a kind more likely to happen early on in the pregnancy, with levels of PM2.5, sulfur dioxide, ozone and carbon monoxide.

See Zhang et al.

Image: National Geographic Image Collection / Alamy Stock Photo. Cover Design: David Shand.

Editorial

  • Editorial |

    A significant amount of research is needed to determine whether promising technologies in the lab could translate into implementable solutions to achieve sustainability.

Correspondence

Comment & Opinion

  • Comment |

    The global rush to develop the ‘blue economy’ risks harming both the marine environment and human wellbeing. Bold policies and actions are urgently needed. We identify five priorities to chart a course towards an environmentally sustainable and socially equitable blue economy.

    • Nathan J. Bennett
    • , Andrés M. Cisneros-Montemayor
    • , Jessica Blythe
    • , Jennifer J. Silver
    • , Gerald Singh
    • , Nathan Andrews
    • , Antonio Calò
    • , Patrick Christie
    • , Antonio Di Franco
    • , Elena M. Finkbeiner
    • , Stefan Gelcich
    • , Paolo Guidetti
    • , Sarah Harper
    • , Ngaio Hotte
    • , John N. Kittinger
    • , Philippe Le Billon
    • , Jane Lister
    • , Rocío López de la Lama
    • , Emma McKinley
    • , Joeri Scholtens
    • , Ann-Magnhild Solås
    • , Merle Sowman
    • , Nicolás Talloni-Álvarez
    • , Lydia C. L. Teh
    • , Michelle Voyer
    •  & U. Rashid Sumaila
  • Comment |

    A freight carbon offset presents an opportunity for transport operators and their customers to invest carbon offset capital within the freight transport sector itself, accelerating the transition to a more sustainable global transport network.

    • Suzanne Greene
    •  & Cristiano Façanha

News & Views

  • News & Views |

    The Sustainable Development Goals elegantly capture humanity’s shared aspirations, but it’s at the national level where the rubber hits the road. Progress is possible across multiple goals but challenges to comprehensive achievement remain.

    • Brett A. Bryan
    • , Michalis Hadjikakou
    •  & Enayat A. Moallemi
  • News & Views |

    Phosphorus recovery is as important for closing the phosphorus cycle as its discovery 350 years ago was for food production. A new analysis highlights costs and benefits of creating value from the wastes generated by our food systems and modern lifestyles.

    • Paul J. A. Withers

Reviews

  • Perspective |

    Real-time control of combined sewer systems and green infrastructure can be used to reduce flooding. In this Perspective, the authors simulated the use of integrated stormwater inflow control to dynamically activate infrastructure in Copenhagen, Denmark, to substantially reduce combined sewage emissions.

    • Nadia Schou Vorndran Lund
    • , Morten Borup
    • , Henrik Madsen
    • , Ole Mark
    • , Karsten Arnbjerg-Nielsen
    •  & Peter Steen Mikkelsen

Research

  • Article |

    A study of over 250,000 pregnant women in Beijing, China, finds that missed abortion is associated with the concentration of four major air pollutants. The association is not linear but becomes stronger with higher concentrations.

    • Liqiang Zhang
    • , Weiwei Liu
    • , Kun Hou
    • , Jintai Lin
    • , Chenghu Zhou
    • , Xiaohua Tong
    • , Ziye Wang
    • , Yuebin Wang
    • , Yanxiao Jiang
    • , Ziwei Wang
    • , Yibo Zheng
    • , Yonglian Lan
    • , Suhong Liu
    • , Ruijing Ni
    • , Mengyao Liu
    •  & Panpan Zhu
  • Article |

    Reducing herbicides exposes crops to yield losses from weeds. This study on winter wheat and barley finds that more even weed communities reduce yield losses by suppressing dominant weeds.

    • Guillaume Adeux
    • , Eric Vieren
    • , Stefano Carlesi
    • , Paolo Bàrberi
    • , Nicolas Munier-Jolain
    •  & Stéphane Cordeau
  • Article |

    International shipping is a major emitter of greenhouse gases, but quantifying responsibilities has been difficult. This study uses satellite-observed data on vessels to determine the emissions from and subsequent health impacts of US–China bilateral trade of goods.

    • Huan Liu
    • , Zhi-Hang Meng
    • , Zhao-Feng Lv
    • , Xiao-Tong Wang
    • , Fan-Yuan Deng
    • , Yang Liu
    • , Yan-Ni Zhang
    • , Meng-Shuang Shi
    • , Qiang Zhang
    •  & Ke-Bin He
  • Analysis |

    Sustainable processes for the synthesis of new clinical candidates is a priority in pharmaceutical manufacturing. This study presents a web application to predict the likely efficiencies of proposed synthetic routes before their evaluation in the laboratory.

    • Alina Borovika
    • , Jacob Albrecht
    • , Jun Li
    • , Andrew S. Wells
    • , Christiana Briddell
    • , Barry R. Dillon
    • , Louis J. Diorazio
    • , James R. Gage
    • , Fabrice Gallou
    • , Stefan G. Koenig
    • , Michael E. Kopach
    • , David K. Leahy
    • , Isamir Martinez
    • , Martin Olbrich
    • , Jared L. Piper
    • , Frank Roschangar
    • , Edward C. Sherer
    •  & Martin D. Eastgate
  • Analysis |

    Agriculture depends critically on phosphorus fertilizer from rock phosphate. This study finds environmental and health benefits from instead recovering phosphorus from secondary sources, such as sewage and manure.

    • Davide Tonini
    • , Hans G. M. Saveyn
    •  & Dries Huygens

Amendments & Corrections