As we launch the first physical sciences journal in the Nature Reviews family, we reflect on the relationship between human progress and advances in materials science.
Volume 1 Issue 1, January 2016
Conventional synthesis of nanocarbons, such as graphene, fullerenes and carbon nanotubes, yields mixtures of molecules with varying structures. However, harnessing the full potential of these materials demands atomically precise synthesis methods. Recent advances using organic chemistry are discussed in this Review.
Ice repellency can be achieved on various hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces, although a surface that repels ice under all environmental scenarios remains elusive. Different strategies are reviewed with a focus on the recent development of superhydrophobic and lubricant-infused surfaces.
Density functional theory has become an indispensable tool in the design of new materials. This Review details the principles of computational materials design, highlighting examples of the successful prediction and subsequent experimental verification of materials for energy harvesting, conversion and storage.
Angiogenesis is mediated by cytokines that function in concert with the extracellular matrix as a biofunctional physiological materials system. By analysing this system, design rules can be identified for biomimetic synthetic materials systems to induce therapeutic angiogenesis.
Hybrid organic—inorganic perovskites: low-cost semiconductors with intriguing charge-transport properties
The charge transport properties of hybrid organic—inorganic perovskites, which can explain their excellent photovoltaic performance, are reviewed through an integrated summary of experimental and theoretical findings. The potential origins of these properties are discussed and future research directions are indicated.