Figure 4 - Nissen fundoplication.

From the following article

Surgical therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease

Renee C. Minjarez and Blair A. Jobe

GI Motility online (2006)



This intraoperative view is looking superiorly toward the hiatus and shows a complete Nissen fundoplication wrapping posteriorly around the distal esophagus. The grasper to the left (patient's right) points to three sutures holding the two ends of the fundus securely over the distal esophagus. The liver is seen being retracted superiorly by a laparoscopic liver retractor, an essential piece of equipment for exposing the hiatus. The grasper in the middle shows the course of the esophagus as it enters the abdomen. The crura are not seen in this picture. (Source: Courtesy of B.A. Jobe, M.D.)

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