Figure 1 - Prevalence of pulmonary diseases in patients referred for hiatal hernia surgery.

From the following article

Gastroesophageal reflux and asthma

Stephen J. Sontag and Susan M. Harding

GI Motility online (2006)



Although the authors were from a large surgical practice and the 636 patients had severely symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in need of surgical repair, the results of the survey cannot be ignored: 84% had classic GER symptoms comprising heartburn, indigestion, and postural aggravation (88%), whereas 61% had respiratory symptoms comprising cough (47%), bronchitis (35%), asthma and wheezing (16%), pneumonitis (16%), hemoptysis (13%), and hoarseness (12%). More than 60% had symptoms of pulmonary disease coexisting with the GER.

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