Drill male (Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary, Nigeria) / James Higham

COVID-19 risk in primates

Latest Research

  • Article
    | Open Access

    Lindsay Stewart et al. analyze clinical isolates of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum from a highly endemic West African population and show that intrinsic multiplication rate variation is associated with blood-stage infection intensity. Their results indicate that parasite control of multiplication contributes to virulence.

    • Lindsay B. Stewart
    • , Ofelia Diaz-Ingelmo
    • , Antoine Claessens
    • , James Abugri
    • , Richard D. Pearson
    • , Sonia Goncalves
    • , Eleanor Drury
    • , Dominic P. Kwiatkowski
    • , Gordon A. Awandare
    •  & David J. Conway
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Amanda Melin et al. compare variation in 29 primate species at 12 amino acid residue sites coded by the ACE2 gene and show that apes and African and Asian monkeys exhibit the same set of twelve key amino acid residues as human ACE2. These results suggest that these primates are likely to be susceptible to SARS-CoV-2, whereas ACE2 gene sequences and protein-protein interaction models suggest reduced susceptibility for platyrrhines, tarsiers, lorisoids, and some lemurs.

    • Amanda D. Melin
    • , Mareike C. Janiak
    • , Frank Marrone III
    • , Paramjit S. Arora
    •  & James P. Higham
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Hechenleitner et al. describe two new titanosaurians and the finding of numerous accumulations of titanosaurian eggs in La Rioja, Argentina. This study suggests nesting site philopatry among Titanosauria and that this clade was spread throughout southern South America at the end of the Late Cretaceous.

    • E. Martín Hechenleitner
    • , Léa Leuzinger
    • , Agustín G. Martinelli
    • , Sebastián Rocher
    • , Lucas E. Fiorelli
    • , Jeremías R. A. Taborda
    •  & Leonardo Salgado
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Bleasdale et al. examine the introduction of agricultural crops in the Congo Basin with stable isotope analysis of human and animal remains, charred food remains, and plant microparticles from dental calculus. Their findings reveal variation in the adoption of cereals from the early Iron Age, and provide long-term insights into changing human reliance on different resources.

    • Madeleine Bleasdale
    • , Hans-Peter Wotzka
    • , Barbara Eichhorn
    • , Julio Mercader
    • , Amy Styring
    • , Jana Zech
    • , María Soto
    • , Jamie Inwood
    • , Siobhán Clarke
    • , Sara Marzo
    • , Bianca Fiedler
    • , Veerle Linseele
    • , Nicole Boivin
    •  & Patrick Roberts
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Honma et al. have developed a method of producing high-sugar rice grains using gene knock-out technology. This grain has the potential to advance development of alternative sugar crops in the future.

    • Yujiro Honma
    • , Prakash Babu Adhikari
    • , Keiko Kuwata
    • , Tomoko Kagenishi
    • , Ken Yokawa
    • , Michitaka Notaguchi
    • , Kenichi Kurotani
    • , Erika Toda
    • , Kanako Bessho-Uehara
    • , Xiaoyan Liu
    • , Shaowei Zhu
    • , Xiaoyan Wu
    •  & Ryushiro D. Kasahara
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Kozlovskii and Popov present BiteNet, a new computational method utilizing deep learning principles for rapid detection of binding sites. BiteNet considers proteins as 3D images, enabling rapid detection of allosteric sites from either static protein structures or its dynamic ensembles.

    • Igor Kozlovskii
    •  & Petr Popov

News & Comment

  • Research Highlight
    | Open Access

    Aberrant cell signalling has been associated with a number of diseases. Belluati and coworkers make use of dual polymer nanocompartments encapsulating different enzymes, that function in unison as in a native signalling cascade. Their functionality is integrated into native cell metabolism and physiology, using substrates already present in the extracellular medium. They succeed in amplifying a natural signalling cascade and influencing cellular homoeostasis.

    • Anam Akhtar
  • Comment
    | Open Access

    Gillman and Wright propose a re-evaluation of taxonomical nomenclature to reinstate indigenous species names. These authors discuss the consideration of indigenous names for new and existing species in order to reflect the importance and precedence of indigenous knowledge in biology.

    • Len Norman Gillman
    •  & Shane Donald Wright
  • Research Highlight
    | Open Access

    Sabre-toothed carnivores are among the most famed vertebrate fossils in the world. The sabre-tooth ecomorph has been converged upon repeatedly by distantly related species throughout mammalian evolution. Lautenschlager et al. employ a range of biomechanical analyses to investigate the functional diversity of sabre-toothed skulls. Across 66 species, broad functional diversity is recovered with implications for prey specialization and niche partitioning, despite being morphologically convergent.

    • Luke R. Grinham
  • Q&A
    | Open Access

    João Conde began his independent career at NOVA Medical School of Universidade Nova de Lisboa in the beginning of 2020. In this short Q&A he tells us about his experience as an early career researcher, challenges he faced with science under lockdown, the advice he has for his younger self and what is the most likely science fiction vision we can achieve with nanotechnology.

  • Editorial
    | Open Access

    The metabolism of immune cells is a rapidly developing field with therapeutic implications. In recognition of this exciting area, our journal is welcoming submissions of primary research articles, perspectives, comments, and review articles in immunometabolism with the aim to highlight these articles in a special collection.

    • Shuai Jiang
  • Research Highlight
    | Open Access

    While polygyny is common among vertebrates, polygyny with mate fidelity has not yet been demonstrated in amphibians. A recent study by Fábio de Sá and colleagues shows that single male saxicolous frogs share a breeding territory with two females and mate multiple times with them over the course of a breeding season. These authors attribute the evolution of this mating system to the intense competition for territories and mates when access to these resources is scarce.

    • Caitlin Karniski

Collection

Editor's Picks in Genetics from Communications Biology

Hosoda et al. Commun. Biol. 3: 410 (2020), modified Fig 1.

Editor's Picks in Genetics from Communications Biology

In this collection, we celebrate the diversity of genetics and genomics research published this year in Communications Biology

Communications Biology

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