Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Cancer treatment in the USA: a financially toxic cocktail

Beyond the suffering caused by the disease, most patients diagnosed with cancer in the USA face substantial financial hardships associated with their treatments. What underlies the financial toxicity of cancer?

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1.

    Mariotto, A.B., Enewold, L., Zhao, J., Zeruto, C.A. & Yabroff, K.R. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention https://doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-19-1534 (2020).

  2. 2.

    Lentz, R., Benson, A. B. III & Kircher, S. J. Surg. Oncol. 120, 85–92 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Islami, F. et al. JAMA Oncol. 5, e191460 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Chino, F. et al. JAMA Oncol. 3, 1582–1584 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Narang, A. K. & Nicholas, L. H. JAMA Oncol. 3, 757–765 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Ramsey, S. et al. Health Aff. 32, 1143–1152 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Vokinger, K. N. et al. Lancet Oncol. 21, 664–670 (2020).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Lee, A., Shah, K. & Chino, F. JAMA Oncol. 6, 1295–1297 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Büttner, M. et al. Support. Care Cancer 27, 2221–2228 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Goldstein, D. A. et al. Oncotarget 8, 71548–71555 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Woolhandler, S. & Himmelstein, D. U. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 321, 2399–2400 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Schulman, K. A. & Milstein, A. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 321, 1661–1662 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Lewandowska, A. M., Rudzki, M., Rudzki, S., Lewandowski, T. & Laskowska, B. Ann. Agric. Environ. Med. 26, 1–7 (2019).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Karl Gruber.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Gruber, K. Cancer treatment in the USA: a financially toxic cocktail. Nat Cancer 1, 1136–1139 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s43018-020-00157-6

Download citation

Further reading

Search

Quick links