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A look at the full stack

As superconducting quantum computing research progresses in industry and academic laboratories, researchers are increasingly aware of the importance of the big picture — a full quantum stack where each layer presents specific and related technical challenges.

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Fig. 1: The full stack for a superconducting quantum computer.


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I thank my colleagues Moritz Kirste, Claudius Riek and Tobias Thiele — who hosted the IEEE Quantum Week 2020 workshop that inspired this piece — for invaluable feedback on early drafts.

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Correspondence to Gaia Donati.

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Competing interests

Gaia Donati is an employee of Zurich Instruments, a test and measurement company that designs and produces scientific instrumentation including quantum computing control systems.

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Donati, G. A look at the full stack. Nat Rev Phys 3, 226–228 (2021).

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